POLITICAL SCIENCE (ELECTIVE)
Political Science (B.A)
Syllabi and Courses of Reading
Paper A Principles of Political Science Marks 100
Paper B Government and Politics in U.K. U.S.A., Switzerland and Pakistan Marks 100
Grand Total: 200
PAPER A Principles of Political Science
Definition, Scope and Utility of Political Science and approaches to the Study of Political Science
Definition and Elements; State and Government; State and Society; State and Associations.
Definition; Characteristics; Kinds. Monism versus Pluralism; Islamic Concept of Sovereignty.
(a) Nature; Kinds; Safeguards. Liberty and Equality; Liberty and Law.
(b) Definition, Meanings and Kinds of Rights.
Fundamental Human Rights in Islam.
Rights of Non-Muslims in an Islamic State.
Definition; Meaning; Kinds; Sources. Law and Morality. Islamic Concept of Law. Sources of Law in Islam. Importance of Ijtehad.
Organization of Modern State:
(a) (1) Democracy: Nature; Attributes; reconditions.
(2) Islamic Concept of Democracy.
(3) Dictatorship; Kinds and Features.
(b) Unitary and Federal Systems.
(c) Parliamentary and Presidential Systems.
Structure of Government:
Executive. Legislature and Judiciary.
Elections and Electorate:
(a) Adult and Restricted Suffrage. Methods of Voting. Direct Legislation: Referendum, Initiative, Plebiscite and Recall. Qualifications of Voters and Candidates in an Islamic Policy. Role of an elected Representative.
- in a Modern Secular State.
- In an Islamic state.
Role of Elected Representatives.
(b) Free Elections and its Pre-requisites. Direct and Indirect elections. Electoral Districts. Representation of Minorities. Proportional Representation. Functional Representation.
- Political Parties: Types, Functions and Roles.
- Interest Groups: Types, Role in Modern Policy, Methods of Political Action.
- Public Opinion: Definition. Development of the Concept. Public Opinion Polls. Methods of Measurements.
Theories Regarding the Nature of the State:
Idealist View. Utilitarian View. Socialism, Communism, Fascism. Welfare Concept of State. Comparison of Western and Islamic Concepts.
Rodee, Anderson: Introduction to Political Science and Christol
Muhammad Asad: Principles of State and Government in Islam.
Muhammad Sarwar: Muarif-e-Siyasiat (Urdu)
Farooq Akhtar Najib: Siyasat-o-Riasat (Urdu)
PAPER B Government and Politics in U.K. U.S.A., Switzerland and Pakistan
(Note: The paper will be divided into the following two parts consisting of 60 and 40 marks respectively)
(a) Nature and Evolution to the British Constitution; its Sources and Salient Features.
(b) Structure of the Government:
(i) Kingship; its Role and Reasons for its Survival.
(ii) Cabinet: Features and Role. Cabinet , Ministry and Privy Council.
(iii) Parliament: Composition and Powers; Procedure of Law making. Supremacy of the Parliment.
(iv) Judiciary: Organization and Jurisdiction; Rule of Law.
(c) Civil Service; Local Self government; Political Parties.
(a) Constitution: Growth, Nature and Salient Features.
(b) Federal System: Division of Power in Theory and Practice.
(c) Presidency: Theory and Practice.
(d) Congress; Composition, Powers, Procedure of Law making, Role of Committees in the Congress.
(e) Federal Judiciary: Organization and Jurisdiction. Judicial Review.
(f) Separation of Powers.
(g) Political Parties.
- History of the Development of the Constitution.
- Major Features of the Constitution.
- The Federal Executive.
- The Federal Legislature.
- The Cantons in the Swiss Political System.
- Direct Democracy.
Islamic Republic of Pakistan:
(a) Ideological Basis of Pakistan.
(b) Constitutional Development since 1947.
(c) A detailed study of the Government System under 1973 Constitution.
I.H. Qureshi: Struggle for Pakistan.
Mercridis and Ward: Modern Political Systems.
S.M.Ikram: Muslim India and the Birth of Pakistan.
Ogg and Zink:Modern Foreign Governments.
Syed Hasan Riaz: Pakistan Na Guzeer Tha (Urdu)
Muhammad Sarwar: Jadeed Hukomatain (Urdu)
A.C. Kapur,Select Modern Constitutions.
Appadoral, The Substance of Politics (Selection on Switzerland), Oxford.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (OPTIONAL)
(Syllabi and Courses of Reading)
Total Marks: 100
Paper: Political Section
Section ‘A’ Political Theory 60
Section ‘B’ Constitution of Pakistan 40
Paper: Political Science:-
Section A: Political Theory:
- The Nature and Scope of Political Science, its relations to other Social Sciences, fields of specialists within Political Science; Political Theory; Political Dynamics; International Relations; Comparative Governments and Public Administration Goals and uses of Political Science and the Problems of the study of Political Science in the modern times.
- The State: Its essential elements, nature and definition, distinction between state society, Government, nation and nationality.
- Theories of the State:
- Theories concerning origin of the State (briefly): purpose and end of the state.
- Concepts of Sovereignty, its Meaning and Attributes, including the Islamic Concepts of Sovereignty.
- The Functions of the State.
- The State and the Individual:
- Rights; Theory of Natural Rights; Political and Civil Rights; Rights and Responsibilities.
- Liberty, its meaning, Liberty and Equality, Adjustment of Liberty and sovereignty.
- Law, Definition and Nature, the Sources of Law, Law and Morality, Law and Opinion, the Administration of Justice, and judiciary.
- Organization of the State.
- Federal, distribution of powers in the Federal System.
- Other (Confederations, Unions, etc)
- Forms of Government and their characteristics.
- Monarchy, absolute and Constitutional Democracy and Concept of Democracy public in Islam.
- Representative Government – Parliamentary and Presidential Systems Separation of Power.
- Dictatorship – Characteristics and Various Types.
- Election and the Party System.
- Political Parties – Definition, Party functions. Types of Party System, Two party system and Multi-party system
- Director Legislation: Initiative, Referendum, Recall and Plebiscite.
- Modern Political Thought.
- Individualism, Socialism, Communism, Idealism, Fascism.
Section B: Constitution of Pakistan
- Salient features of the Constitution of Pakistan
- National Assembly; Provincial Government; Judicial System; Fundamental Rights; Basic Democracies.
Rodee, Anderson and Christal
Introduction to Political Science, New York: McGraw-Hill, (lates ed.)
Modern Political Theory, London: Oxford University Press, Amen House, E.C. 4, 1960
Roger, H. Saltau
An Introduction to Politics, New York: Longman Green and Co. New York
A Grammer of Politics London: Allen and Unwin.
The Modern State, Oxford University Press.
State in Theory and Practice, London: Allen and Unwin.
Recent Political Thought, New York:
M. Rafi Anwar
Presidential Government in Pakistan.
Politicians and Ayub.